Mother holding a child

Birthmarks are permanently discolored patches of skin present at birth, varying in color and size. For example, red, pink, or purple marks are vascular, while brown-pigmented marks are caused by clusters of melanin. But can birthmarks be removed? Simply put, yes, depending on the type of birthmark.

What are the different types of birthmarks?

Port wine stain

Red marks on the skin, known as port wine stains, are caused by excessive growth of blood vessels. They can be found on the face, back, or chest and are permanent, and they may become more noticeable over time, causing emotional distress.

Salmon patch birthmarks

Newborns can have pink or red birthmarks called salmon patches on their faces or neck. They usually disappear within a few months, but some may take years.

Strawberry marks

Strawberry marks, a type of birthmark, affect 5% of newborns. They are raised and have pink, red, or purple colors. They typically fade by age 7, but if you're concerned, talk to your GP; some may need treatment.

Cafe-au-lait spots

A child with over six pale coffee-colored patches on their skin may indicate a genetic condition called neurofibromatosis. Even though these spots are usually harmless, consult your doctor if you have any concerns.

Mongolian spots

Mongolian spots are blue-gray marks found on darker-skinned infants' backs or buttocks, and they often disappear on their own before the child turns four.

Congenital moles

Congenital moles are dark spots present from birth caused by melanin clusters. If you observe any alterations in shape or color, particularly during hormonal changes, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist.

Are birthmarks dangerous?

While birthmarks are generally not a cause for concern, some people may opt to have them removed for aesthetic purposes, as they may impact their self-esteem. Medical treatment may be necessary if a birthmark causes breathing difficulties or becomes painful and ulcerated. 

Treatment for birthmark removal

Laser Treatment

When removing birthmarks, we have a range of special lasers that specifically target areas with abnormal pigmentation or blood vessels. However, the number of sessions required and their effectiveness can differ from person to person. At Certified Dermatology, our experienced providers will carefully select the most suitable laser and treatment plan to achieve your best possible results.


In the event that you possess skin conditions such as moles or birthmarks, it may be recommended by a dermatologist that you undergo a surgical removal procedure to address any potential health concerns. This is a reliable and efficient operation generally carried out by the doctor within their medical facility. The process entails using a small scalpel and local anesthesia to ensure a successful outcome.


In order to minimize the visibility of particular birthmarks, medical practitioners may prescribe the use of beta-blockers and corticosteroids. These treatments constrict blood vessels and lower blood flow to the affected area. It is advisable to administer these remedies within the infant's first year of life, as birthmarks usually dissipate independently after this timeframe. If any residual marks linger, surgical intervention or laser therapy can effectively eliminate them.

What is the takeaway?

If you're considering removing a birthmark, rest assured that the process is typically low-risk and minimally invasive. Laser therapy is an excellent option, but may require a greater commitment, depending on the type of birthmark and laser treatment you choose. Nevertheless, most patients experience long-lasting results within six weeks of continuous treatment. With Certified Dermatology, you will get the best possible treatment, care, and outcome from our top dermatologists in the NJ area. Please schedule an appointment with us today!

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